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Christophe Delord


News!

Monday 18. july 2016: Updates on my new simulation framework project in Haskell.

Friday 25. march 2016: Dear backers, unfortunately, the FUN project was not successfully funded. I will now focus on FRP (Functional Reactive Programming) applied to real-time critical system specification and simulation.

CDSoft :: CV/Resume :: Free softwares Essays Haskell Handy Calc pp TPG BonaLuna Calculadoira todo pwd pi w CDTux :: AI tools in Prolog AI dialog

Abstract

logo BonaLuna is a Lua interpretor plus a few packages in a single executable.

The current version is 3.0.7 BonaLuna is open source software. Contribution can be made on GitHub: https://github.com/CDSoft.fr/bonaluna.

Licenses

Download

BonaLuna can be downloaded here: bonaluna-3.0.7.tgz

Lua

The original Lua interpretor and documentation is available at http://www.lua.org.

BonaLuna is based on Lua 5.3.

Global functions

Iterators

iter(sequence) returns an iterator of sequence items (a table).

list(iterator) returns a table of items generated by iterator.

reverse(iterator) returns iterator in reverse order.

sort(iterator [, cmp]) returns iterator sorted using cmp (as table.sort)

map(f, …) applies f to iterators.

zip(…) groups values of the same rank of several iterators.

filter(p, iterator) selects values according to the predicate p.

range(i [, j [, s] ]) returns the values of the range [i, j]. s is the step. range(j) is equivalent to range(1, j). The default step is 1.

enum(iterator) generates tuples (i, x[i]) where i is the rank of the value x[i] for each value of iterator.

chain(…) chains several iterators.

Higher order functions

curry(f, …) returns a curryfied function starting with f and its first arguments (…) if any.

compose(f, g, …) returns the composed function “f(g(…))”.

identity is the identity function.

memoize(f) returns a memoized function.

BonaLuna packages

Note about objects

Objects defined in these packages uses closures 1 to store internal data. No self is required and methods are called with a single dot (.), not with a colon (:).

Example:

aes = crypt.AES("my key", 128)
encrypted = aes.encrypt("some text")

bc, m: arbitrary precision library for Lua based on GNU bc

lbc is a public domain package written by Luiz Henrique de Figueiredo and available at Libraries and tools for Lua

This is a big-number library for Lua 5.3. It is based on the arbitrary precision library number.c written by Philip A. Nelson for GNU bc-1.06: http://www.gnu.org/software/bc/

basic bc functions

bc.version is the version number of bc

bc.digits([n]) sets the number of digits used by bc

bc.number(x) builds a big number from a Lua number or a string

bc.tonumber(x) converts a big number to a Lua number

bc.tostring(x), __tostring(x) converts a big number to a string

bc.neg(x), __unm(x) returns -x

bc.add(x,y), __add(x,y) returns x+y

bc.sub(x,y), __sub(x,y) returns x-y

bc.mul(x,y), __mul(x,y) returns x*y

bc.div(x,y), __div(x,y) returns x/y

bc.mod(x,y), __mod(x,y) return x mod y

bc.divmod(x,y) returns [x/y], x mod y

bc.pow(x,y), __pow(x,y) returns x**y

bc.powmod(x,y,m) returns x**y mod m

bc.compare(x,y) returns -1 if x < y, 0 if x == y, +1 if x > y

__eq(x,y), __lt(x,y) compares x and y

bc.iszero(x) is true if x == 0

bc.isneg(x) is true if x < 0

bc.trunc(x,[n]) returns x truncated value

bc.sqrt(x) returns sqrt(x)

Functions added by BonaLuna

bc.number(x) also accepts hexadecimal, octal and binary numbers as strings

Math and bitwise operators

Functions of the math and bit32 modules also exist in the bc module. These functions produce bc numbers but work internally with Lua numbers. Do not expect these functions to be precise.

m package

The m package extends the bc package by mixing arbitrary precision integer (bc) and Lua numbers (float). It produces bc integers when possible and Lua numbers otherwise.

bn: arbitrary precision library for Lua written in pure Lua

basic bn functions

bn.Int(x) builds a big integer from a Lua number, a string or a big number

bn.Rat(x) builds a big rational from a Lua number, a string or a big number

bn.Float(x) builds a float from a Lua number, a string or a big number

bn.tonumber(x) converts a big number to a Lua number

bn.tostring(x, base, bits), __tostring(x) converts a big number to a string

__unm(x) returns -x

__add(x,y) returns x+y

__sub(x,y) returns x-y

__mul(x,y) returns x*y

__div(x,y) returns x/y

__idiv(x,y) return x // y

__mod(x,y) return x mod y

bn.divmod(x,y) returns [x/y], x mod y

bn.powmod(x,y,m) returns x**y mod m

__pow(x,y) returns x**y

__eq(x,y), __lt(x,y) compares x and y

x:iszero() is true if x == 0

x:isone() is true if x == 1

bn.zero, bn.one, bn.two big representations of 0, 1 and 2

bn.bin(x, bits) returns a string representation of x in base 2 on bits bits

bn.oct(x, bits) returns a string representation of x in base 8 on bits bits

bn.dec(x, bits) returns a string representation of x in base 10 on bits bits

bn.hex(x, bits) returns a string representation of x in base 16 on bits bits

bn.sep(s) sets the digit separator (“_“,” " or nil)

Math and bitwise operators

Functions of the math, mathx and bit32 modules also exist in the bn module. These functions produce bn numbers but may work internally with Lua numbers. Do not expect these functions to be precise.

All the functions of mathx are in the math module.

crypt: Cryptographic functions

The crypt package is a pure Lua package (i.e. not really fast).

crypt.hex.encode(data) encodes data in hexa.

crypt.hex.decode(data) decodes the hexa data.

crypt.base64.encode(data) encodes data in base64.

crypt.base64.decode(data) decodes the base64 data.

crypt.crc32(data) computes the CRC32 of data.

crypt.shaXXX(data) computes an SHA digest of data. XXX is 1, 224 or 256.

crypt.AES(password [,keylen [,mode] ]) returns an AES codec. password is the encryption/decryption key, keylen is the length of the key (128 (default), 192 or 256), mode is the encryption/decryption mode (“cbc” (default) or “ecb”). crypt.AES objects have two methods: encrypt(data) and decrypt(data).

crypt.BTEA(password) returns a BTEA codec (a tiny cipher with reasonable security and efficiency, see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/XXTEA). password is the encryption/decryption key (only the first 16 bytes are used). crypt.BTEA objects have two methods: encrypt(data) and decrypt(data). BTEA encrypts 32-bit words so the length of data should be a multiple of 4 (if not, BTEA will add null padding at the end of data).

crypt.RC4(password, drop) return a RC4 codec (a popular stream cypher, see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/RC4). password is the encryption/decryption key. drop is the numbre of bytes ignores before encoding (768 by default). crypt.RC4 returns the encryption/decryption function.

crypt.random(bits) returns a string with bits random bits.

curl: libcurl interface

libcurl is multiprotocol file transfer library. This package is a simple Lua interface to libcurl.

This package is based on Lua-cURL and provides the same API plus a few higher level objects.

This package was introduced before socket which is based on Lua Socket. I recommend using socket instead of curl.

curl.FTP(url [, login, password]) creates an FTP object to connect to the FTP server at url. login and password are optional. Methods are:

FTP connections are made through the cURL easy interface, each request is in fact an entire connection (and deconnection).

curl.HTTP(url) creates an HTTP object to connect to the HTTP server at url. Methods are:

fs: File System

fs.getcwd() returns the current working directory.

fs.chdir(path) changes the current directory to path.

fs.listdir([path]) returns the list of files and directories in path (the default path is the current directory).

fs.dir([path]) returns an iterator listing files and directories in path (the default path is the current directory).

fs.walk([path]) returns an iterator listing directory and file names in path and its subdirectories (the default path is the current directory).

fs.mkdir(path) creates a new directory path.

fs.rename(old_name, new_name) renames the file old_name to new_name.

fs.remove(name) deletes the file name.

fs.copy(source_name, target_name) copies file source_name to target_name. The attributes and times are preserved.

fs.stat(name) reads attributes of the file name. Attributes are:

fs.inode(name) reads device and inode attributes of the file name. Attributes are:

fs.chmod(name, other_file_name) sets file name permissions as file other_file_name (string containing the name of another file).

fs.chmod(name, bit1, …, bitn) sets file name permissions as bit1 or … or bitn (integers).

fs.touch(name) sets the access time and the modification time of file name with the current time.

fs.touch(name, number) sets the access time and the modification time of file name with number.

fs.touch(name, other_name) sets the access time and the modification time of file name with the times of file other_name.

fs.basename(path) return the last component of path.

fs.dirname(path) return all but the last component of path.

fs.absname(path) return the absolute path name of path.

fs.sep is the directory separator (/ or \).

fs.uR, fs.uW, fs.uX are the User Read/Write/eXecute mask for fs.chmod.

fs.gR, fs.gW, fs.gX are the Group Read/Write/eXecute mask for fs.chmod.

fs.oR, fs.oW, fs.oX are the Other Read/Write/eXecute mask for fs.chmod.

fs.aR, fs.aW, fs.aX are All Read/Write/eXecute mask for fs.chmod.

lpeg, re: parsing library

Bonaluna parsing library is Lpeg. Both lpeg and re modules are loaded when Bonaluna is started.

The documentation of these modules are available on Lpeg web site:

z, lzo, qlz, lz4, zlib, ucl, lzma: compression libraries

Compression libraries are based on:

It’s inspired by the Lua Lzo module.

Future versions of BonaLuna may remove or add some compression library.

Currently, only LZ4 is used in the default BonaLuna distribution but you can change it in setup.

z.compress(data) compresses data using the best compressor and returns the compressed string.

z.decompress(data) decompresses data and returns the decompressed string.

minilzo.compress(data) compresses data with miniLZO and returns the compressed string.

minilzo.decompress(data) decompresses data with miniLZO and returns the decompressed string.

lzo.compress(data) compresses data with LZO and returns the compressed string.

lzo.decompress(data) decompresses data with LZO and returns the decompressed string.

qlz.compress(data) compresses data with QLZ and returns the compressed string.

qlz.decompress(data) decompresses data with QLZ and returns the decompressed string.

lz4.compress(data) compresses data with LZ4 and returns the compressed string.

lz4.decompress(data) decompresses data with LZ4 and returns the decompressed string.

lz4hc.compress(data) compresses data with LZ4HC and returns the compressed string.

lz4hc.decompress(data) decompresses data with LZ4HC and returns the decompressed string.

lzf.compress(data) compresses data with LZF and returns the compressed string.

lzf.decompress(data) decompresses data with LZF and returns the decompressed string.

zlib.compress(data) compresses data with ZLIB and returns the compressed string.

zlib.decompress(data) decompresses data with ZLIB and returns the decompressed string.

ucl.compress(data) compresses data with UCL and returns the compressed string.

ucl.decompress(data) decompresses data with UCL and returns the decompressed string.

lzma.compress(data) compresses data with XZ Utils and returns the compressed string.

lzma.decompress(data) decompresses data with XZ Utils and returns the decompressed string.

ps: Processes

ps.sleep(n) sleeps for n seconds.

rl: readline

The rl (readline) package was initially inspired by ilua and adapted for BonaLuna.

rl.read(prompt) prints prompt and returns the string entered by the user.

rl.add(line) adds line to the readline history (Linux only).

ser: serialization

The ser package is written by Robin Wellner (https://github.com/gvx/Ser) and integrated in BonaLuna in two functions:

ser.serialize(table) returns a string that can be evaluated to build the initial table.

ser.deserialize(src) evaluates src and returns a table.

strings: string module addendum

BonaLuna adds a few functions to the builtin string module:

string.split(s, sep, maxsplit, plain) splits s using sep as a separator. If plain is true, the separator is considered as plain text. maxsplit is the maximum number of separators to find (ie the remaining string is returned unsplit. This function returns a list of strings.

string.gsplit(s, sep, maxsplit, plain) splits the string as string.split but returns an iterator.

string.lines(s) splits s using ‘’ as a separator and returns an iterator.

string.ltrim(s), string.rtrim(s), string.trim(s) remove left/right/both end spaces

socket: Lua Socket (and networking tools)

The socket package is based on Lua Socket and adapted for BonaLuna.

The documentation of Lua Socket is available at the Lua Socket documentation web site.

This package also comes with the following functions.

FTP(url [, login, password]) creates an FTP object to connect to the FTP server at url. login and password are optional. Methods are:

struct: (un)pack structures

This package was redundant with string.pack and string.unpack since Lua 5.3. It has been removed.

One can add struct = string to make old scripts compatible. Some formats are different (s becomes z, c0 doesn’t exist).

The struct package was taken from Library for Converting Data to and from C Structs for Lua 5.1 and adapted for BonaLuna.

sys: System management

sys.hostname() returns the host name.

sys.domainname() returns the domain name.

sys.hostid() returns the host id.

sys.platform is "Linux" or "Windows"

Self running scripts

It is possible to add scripts to the BonaLuna interpretor to make a single executable file containing the interpretor and some BonaLuna scripts.

This feature is inspired by srlua.

pegar.lua parameters (command line interface)

compile:on|off|min turns compilation on, off or on when chunks are smaller than sources (min is the default value)

compress:on|off|min turns compression on, off or on when chunks are smaller than sources (min is the default value)

read:original_interpretor reads the initial interpretor

lua:script.lua adds a script to be executed at runtime

lua:script.lua=realname.lua as above but stored under a different name

str:name=value creates a global variable holding a string

str:name=@filename as above but the string is the content of a file

file:name adds a file to be created at runtime (the file is not overwritten if it already exists)

file:name=realname as above but stored under a different name

dir:name creates a directory at runtime

write:new_executable write a new executable containing the original interpretor and all the added items

When a path starts with :, it is relative to the executable path otherwise it is relative to the current working directory.

Pegar class (useable in BonaLuna scripts)

The class Pegar defines methods to build an executable. The methods have the same name as the command line parameters:

compile(mode) turns compilation on, off or on

compress(mode) turns compression on, off or on

read(original_interpretor) reads the initial interpretor (if different from the running interpretor)

lua(script[, realname]) adds a script to be executed at runtime

str(name, value) creates a global variable holding a string

strf(name, filename) as above but the string is the content of a file

file(name[, realname]) adds a file to be created at runtime

dir(name) creates a directory at runtime

write(new_executable) write a new executable containing the original interpretor and all the added items

External modules

Some external modules are available.

Examples

This documentation has been generated by a BonaLuna script. bonaluna.lua also contains some tests.

Support

If you find these softwares useful, you are free to donate something to support their future evolutions. Thanks for your support.

You can use Flattr, PayPal, buy some CDSoft products or simply disable your ad-blocker to support these softwares.

Flattr PayPal Essays

  1. See Object Orientation Closure Approach.